STROKE AND NUTRITION
IMPORTANCE OF EATING HEALTHY
The following healthy food habits can help you reduce your risk for stroke:
- Eat a diet rich in vegetables and fruits.
- Choose whole-grain, high-fiber foods.
- Eat fish at least twice a week.
- Limit cholesterol, saturated fat and trans fat. Avoiding partially hydrogenated
oils will reduce trans fats.
- Choose lean meats and poultry, and prepare them without using saturated
or trans fats.
- Select fat-free, 1-precent or low-fat dairy products.
- Cut back on drinks and foods with added sugars.
- Choose and prepare foods with little salt (sodium).
- If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation. Limit yourself to one drink
per day, if you are a woman or two drinks, if you’re a man.
Some stroke survivors may experience a loss of appetite. For others, eating
may become difficult due to swallowing problems. If you have trouble swallowing,
talk to your speech therapist or doctor about different foods you can
eat. If you have weakness in your arms or hands, you might try adaptive
eating utensils. Some types of flatware have thicker handles that are
easier to hold, and “rocker knives” make it possible to cut
food using one hand.