Heart and Vascular

Center for Cardiovascular Excellence

24/7 Cardiac Care

Interventional Cardiology (PCI)

Interventional cardiology, or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), is a procedure designed to re-open arteries in the heart that are partially or completely blocked by a build-up of fatty deposits due to a condition called coronary heart disease. When blood flow becomes slowed or blocked in the coronary arteries, the heart is denied oxygen and without oxygen, the heart cannot get the nutrients it needs. This will cause patients to be short of breath, experience chest pain and puts them at a higher risk of suffering a heart attack.

Interventional Cardiology- Minimally Invasive Procedures

Not all heart conditions require major surgery. At times, cardiologists may conduct interventional cardiology procedures in a cardiac catheterization lab for patients that apply.

Interventional cardiology is a minimally invasive procedure using a catheter to transport a deflated balloon to the site of the blockage through the arteries to the heart. Once the balloon is in place, it is inflated and flattens the fatty deposits against the artery wall, reopening the artery and allowing the blood to flow properly again. A mesh stent may be used to prop the artery open in the event that it will not remain open on its own.

Being a minimally invasive procedure, interventional cardiology offers many benefits over other major surgeries. These include:

  • Less risk of infection
  • Decreased pain
  • Decreased recovery time
  • Avoidance of large scars
  • Procedure performed on an outpatient basis

Garden City Hospital provides an array of interventional cardiology procedures, including:

  • Heart Catheterization
  • Pacemaker and Defibrillator
  • Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (CRT)
  • Angioplasty and Stenting for Acute Myocardial Infarction (MI)
  • Peripheral Vascular (Diagnostic and Interventional)
  • Transesophageal Echocardiogram (TEE)