My father and brother are both diabetics, so I wasn’t very surprised when I was diagnosed with pre-diabetes. What exactly is prediabetes and does it mean I will develop diabetes and be on insulin for the rest of my life?
Pre-diabetes means your blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be diabetes. Higher than normal blood sugar levels can start to damage your heart and cause problems ... read more
Pre-diabetes means your blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be diabetes. Higher than normal blood sugar levels can start to damage your heart and cause problems with how your blood flows through your body. People with pre-diabetes usually develop type 2 diabetes within eight years. There are two different blood tests your physician can order which can detect pre-diabetes. The first is called a finger prick/ finger stick test. Blood sugar levels between 100 - 125 indicate you have pre-diabetes, and a blood sugar reading over 126 means you have diabetes. The second test is called a Hemoglobin A-1-c. An A-1-c between 5.7% and 6.4% means you have pre-diabetes, and an A-1-c over 6.5% means you have diabetes.
Many people with pre-diabetes and diabetes do not have symptoms. Sometimes symptoms develop slowly so you may not recognize them. Those most at risk include people who are over 45 years old and overweight, and people who are under 45 years old and:
• Are overweight
• Have a family member with diabetes
• Have high blood pressure or high cholesterol
• Are African-American, Native-American, Hispanic, or Asian
• Women who had diabetes while pregnant
• Women who had a baby weighing over 9 pounds
A diagnosis of pre-diabetes does not destine you to a future of having diabetes. Instead, it should be taken as a wake-up call to make healthy lifestyle changes such as eating a balanced diet, eliminating excessive sugar and carbohydrates and replacing them with fruits and vegetables, and adopting some type of exercise program. These changes can help to eliminate your pre-diabetes condition.