CDC estimates 173,285 sports- and recreation-related
TBIs, including concussions, among children and
adolescents are treated in U.S. emergency departments each
A bump, blow, or jolt to the head can cause a concussion, a type
of TBI. Concussions can also occur from a blow to the body that
causes the head to move rapidly back and forth. Even a "ding,"
"getting your bell rung," or what seems to be mild bump or blow to
the head can be serious.
Concussions can occur in any sport or recreation
activity. So, all coaches, parents, and athletes need to learn concussion signs and
symptoms and what to do if a concussion
CDC's "Heads Up:
Concussion in High School" and "Heads Up: Concussion in Youth
Sports" initiatives include materials and information to help
coaches of all sports to help identify concussions and take
immediate steps to respond when one is suspected.
Prevention and Preparation
Check with your league or school about concussion
policies. Concussion policy statements can be developed to
include the league or school's commitment to safety, a brief
description about concussion, and information on when athletes can
safely return to play. Parents and athletes should sign the
concussion policy statement before the first practice.
Insist that safety comes first. No one
technique or safety equipment is 100 percent effective in
preventing concussion, but there are things you can do to help
minimize the risks for concussion and other injuries.
For example, to help prevent injuries:
- Enforce no hits to the head or other types of dangerous
- Practice safe playing techniques and encourage athletes to
follow the rules of play.
- Make sure players wear approved and properly-fitted protective
equipment. Protective equipment should be well-maintained and be
worn consistently and correctly.
Learn about concussion. Before the first
practice, talk your athlete(s) and others about the dangers of
concussion and potential long-term consequences of concussion.
Review the signs and symptoms of concussion and keep the four-step
action plan with you at
games and practices.
CDC works 24/7 saving lives and protecting
people from health threats to have a more secure nation. A US
federal agency, CDC helps make the healthy choice the easy choice
by putting science and prevention into action. CDC works to help
people live longer, healthier and more productive lives.